A cikin shekaru goma, lithium iron phosphate zai maye gurbin lithium manganese cobalt oxide a matsayin babban sinadarin adana makamashi mara tsayayye?

A cikin shekaru goma, lithium iron phosphate zai maye gurbin lithium manganese cobalt oxide a matsayin babban sinadarin adana makamashi mara tsayayye?

Gabatarwa: Wani rahoto daga Wood Mackenzie yayi hasashen cewa a cikin shekaru goma, sinadarin lithium iron phosphate zai maye gurbin lithium manganese cobalt oxide a matsayin babban sinadaran adana makamashi.

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Shugaban kamfanin na Tesla Elon Musk ya fada a cikin kiran kudin da aka samu: "Idan kuka hakar ma'adanin nickel ta hanyar da ta dace da kuma kula da muhalli, Tesla zai yi Ku ba da babbar kwangila." Manajan Ba'amurke Wood Mackenzie ya yi hasashen cewa a cikin shekaru goma, lithium iron phosphate (LFP) zai maye gurbin lithium manganese cobalt oxide (NMC) azaman babban makamashi mai tsayayyar makamashi.

Koyaya, Musk ya daɗe yana goyon bayan cire cobalt daga batirin, don haka wataƙila wannan labarin ba shi da kyau a gareshi.

Dangane da bayanan Wood Mackenzie, batirin lithium iron phosphate (LFP) sun kai kashi 10% na kasuwar adana makamashi a shekara ta 2015. Tun daga wannan lokacin, farin jinin su ya karu matuka kuma zasu mamaye sama da 30% na kasuwar nan da shekarar 2030.

Wannan tashin ya fara ne saboda karancin batirin NMC da kayan aikin da aka hada a karshen shekarar 2018 da farkon shekarar da ta gabata. Tunda duka ajiyar makamashi da motocin lantarki (ev) sun sami saurin turawa, gaskiyar cewa bangarorin biyu suna raba sinadarin batir ya haifar da karanci.

Wood Mackenzie babban manazarci Mitalee Gupta ya ce: "Saboda fadada zagayen samar da NMC da kuma farashi mai sauki, masu samar da LFP sun fara shiga kasuwar da aka killace NMC a farashi mai gasa, don haka LFP tana da kyau a bangaren karfi da aikace-aikacen makamashi."

Factoraya daga cikin abubuwan da ke haifar da mamayar LFP zai zama bambanci tsakanin nau'in batirin da aka yi amfani da shi don ajiyar makamashi da kuma irin batirin da ake amfani da shi a cikin motocin lantarki, saboda ƙwarewar da ƙwarewa za ta shafi kayan aikin.

Tsarin adana makamashi na lithium-ion na yanzu yana raguwar dawowa da kuma rashin fa'idodin tattalin arziki lokacin da sake zagayowar ya wuce awa 4-6, don haka ana buƙatar ajiyar makamashi na dogon lokaci cikin gaggawa. Gupta ta ce tana kuma fatan cewa karfin farfadowa da kuma yawan mita zai dauki fifiko a kan karfin makamashi da amincin kasuwar adana makamashi mai tsayayyiya, wadanda duka batirin LFP zasu iya haskakawa.

Kodayake ci gaban LFP a cikin kasuwar batirin motar motar ba ta da ban mamaki kamar a fagen ajiyar makamashi mai tsayayye, rahoton Wood Mackenzie ya nuna cewa ba za a iya watsi da aikace-aikacen wayar hannu da ke dauke da lithium iron phosphate ba.

Wannan sinadarin ya riga ya shahara sosai a cikin kasuwar motocin lantarki ta ƙasar Sin kuma ana tsammanin zai sami karɓuwa a duniya. WoodMac yayi hasashen cewa nan da shekarar 2025, LFP zai samar da sama da 20% na duka batirin motar lantarki da aka girka.

Wood Mackenzie babban manazarcin bincike Milan Thakore ya ce babban abin da ke tuka LFP a fagen ababen hawa masu amfani da lantarki zai fito ne daga inganta sinadarin ta fuskar nauyin makamashi mai nauyi da fasahar hada batir.


Post lokaci: Sep-16-2020